Past Present Future
Was (I) Am I’ll
Was (He) Is You’ll be
Were (you) are He’ll (will)
Past Contínuos Present Continuos Will/Goint to
I had written
Part perfect Present Perfet
I have written
Past Participe Present perfet continuos
Have/been/done I have been writing
5.1.1. Will#1 X Goint go#1
Will: you decide at the time of speaking
Eg [ék]:Mark: – Hey, let’s go to the gym!
Paul: – Ok, I’ll go with you.
Neg: I will not (won’t) travel with you.
Gointo to: you have already decide and you’re just telling somebody.
Eg: Jim: – Where are you going, Paul?
Paul: – I’m gointo to the gym with Mark.
5.1.2. Will#2 X Goint go#2
Will: when you are sure (arranged events)
Eg: – The neat Olympics will be in China
– There will be na international meeting about science here.
Going to: plans, promises and prediction
Eg: – What are you going to do on vacation?
– I think I’m going to Rio.
– You must study.
– I’m going to study after noon.
– She’s going to be a doctor in two months.
-Look at the sky! It’s going to rain.
5.2. Present Contínuos
Eg [ék]: Aff.: I’m teaching english .
Neg: I’m not teaching english.
Int: Am I teaching english?
a) Verbs ending ‘E’ b) Verbs ending CVC (consoante/vogal)*
Smile: Smiling Get: Getting
* Verbs ending CVC: se a silaba forte não esta no CVC não dobra a letra, mas no inglês britanico não possui essa regra, em todos os casos a letra dobra. Eg:
*Show: Showing *Pedal: Pedaling
Interisting: Interessante Reading: Leitura
Fishing: Pescaria ou pescando.
5.3. Modal Verbs
5.3.1. Shall / Should X Must
Shall/Should: Usado para conselho (advice): devia/deveria.
Eg: You should study english.
He should see a doctor.
She shouldn’t dance a lot.
Should I do this homework?
Shouldn’t I go there?
Must: dever de obrigação (não passado)
Eg: Igual ao shoud
Contraction: must not = musn’t
5.3.2. Can / Could
5.4. Modificações dos verbos
Sentidor de ter (posse): I have a car.
Em expressão com ING: I´m having dinner now / I’m having a bath.
Sentidor de “achar” (Eu acho):
Eg: -I think Rolling Stones are great.
-I don’t think “fantástico” is a bad program.
-I think I’ll move to Europe.
Sentido de “pensar” (Eu penso que):
Eg: -I’m thinking about moving to Europe.
Present (to) Passado
Catch Caught [Cót]
Buy Brought [ Bót]
Bring Brought [Bót]
Teach Taught [Tót]
Fight Fought [Fót]
*Terminação em GHT o GH não se pronuncia.